Vertical farming is a modern agricultural technique that involves growing crops in vertically stacked layers. This method of farming is gaining popularity due to its ability to produce high yields of fresh produce in a limited space. To achieve this, vertical farms rely on advanced farm controls that help to regulate the environment in which the crops grow. Farm controls are the equipment and systems used to monitor and regulate the conditions in a vertical farm. These controls include sensors, software, and hardware that work together to create an optimal growing environment for the crops. The following are some of the equipment used for farm controls in vertical farms: 1. Lighting Systems: Vertical farms use artificial lighting systems to provide the crops with the necessary light for photosynthesis. These lighting systems are designed to mimic natural sunlight and can be adjusted to provide the right amount of light for each crop. 2. Climate Control Systems: The climate control systems in vertical farms regulate the temperature, humidity, and air quality in the growing environment. These systems use sensors to monitor the conditions and adjust the environment accordingly. 3. Irrigation Systems: Vertical farms use irrigation systems to provide the crops with water and nutrients. These systems can be automated to ensure that the crops receive the right amount of water and nutrients at the right time. 4. Monitoring Systems: Monitoring systems are used to track the growth and health of the crops. These systems use sensors to measure factors such as pH levels, nutrient levels, and growth rates. 5. Control Software: Control software is used to manage and regulate the farm controls. This software can be used to set parameters for the lighting, climate, and irrigation systems, and to monitor the performance of the farm controls. In conclusion, farm controls are essential equipment for vertical farms. They help to create an optimal growing environment for the crops, which results in high yields of fresh produce. The equipment used for farm controls includes lighting systems, climate control systems, irrigation systems, monitoring systems, and control software. With these advanced systems, vertical farms can produce fresh produce year-round, regardless of the weather conditions outside.